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The Life of Prophet Muhammed

From boyhood to his youth
Prophet Muhammad was brought up first by his grandfather and later by his uncle, Abu Talib because he was an orphan. His uncle and grandfather loved the orphaned Muhammad very much and took great care of him. When he was big and strong enough to work, Muhammad tended sheep on the outskirts of Mecca, the town where he lived.

Later, when he grew into a young man, his uncle used to take him along on his trading journeys. The Meccans like Abu Talib were merchants and they made long trade journeys on caravans. This was a very good and exciting experience for Muhammad and when he grew older he was able to lead the caravans on his own.

In Mecca there lived a wealthy widow whose name was Khadija. She owned trade caravans and employed him to lead them for her. Having proved himself faithful to her, he was soon rewarded with her hand in marriage. This marriage proved fortunate and happy. Tender love and devotion existed between them.

The thoughtful Muhammad
As the years passed and Muhammad grew older, he began to think deeply about many things. Although his own family life was very happy, several problems worried him. He often wandered by the mountains outside Mecca and in a cave on Mount Hira, he used to sit,” I have a good wife and loving children, I was an orphan before and now a rich man and yet I am still not entirely happy.”

Muhammad knew very well why this was so, for he had long been troubled by the situation that existed in Mecca: “They don’t help the poor. They do not bother about caring for orphans or nursing the sick back to health. People in Mecca seem to be interested only in having a lot of money and when they have that, they want even more!” These thoughts troubled him for many years.

During his fortieth year while he was in the cave in deep thought, the Angel Gabriel appeared to him and said: "Read!" But as Muhammad was illiterate, having never received any instruction in reading or writing, he said to the angel: "I am not a reader." The angel squeezed him as much as he could bear, and then said again: "Read!" Then Prophet said: "I am not a reader." The Angel again seized the Prophet and squeezed him and said: "The Lord has created man from a clot of blood and He is the most generous, He has taught everything and given everything to man."

Spreading the Message of God
At once, Muhammad knew what this meant, “God has created Man. He has created all the things that man needs. Therefore man should be grateful to Him. He should pray only unto Him and obey only Him. It is His will that the poor and the sick should be cared for, and that people should strive with all their might to do good and lead honorable lives. After death, such people will be rewarded for their efforts. But those who purposely do evil will receive terrible punishment, unless they are sincerely sorry for what they have done and ask Him to forgive them.”

He realized that the Angel had given him answers to the very questions which had been troubling him. When Muhammad returned to the city, he told his wife Khadija all that had happened, and all the Angel Gabriel had said. Khadija told her husband, "God whom we call as Allah, will take care of you as you do many good things. You keep families together. You bear the burden of the weak, you assist the poor and the needy, and you endure hardships in the path of truthfulness."

He began telling his friends about Angel Gabriel and what the Angel had said to him. At first, though, only a few people paid attention to what Muhammad said. Most of them just ignored him, for they were far too busy making money, and had no time or inclination to think about Allah.

During this time, and afterwards, Angel Gabriel continued to appear before Muhammad and always reminded him of the same thing. He had been chosen as Allah’s Prophet, and it was his task to go and tell people to do good deeds and to worship God.

Muhammad began approaching the people of Mecca. He chose beautiful words to tell them of Allah’s wishes, hoping that by this means, he would appeal to them: “When you have enough to eat and there is a poor man who is hungry, then you must give him some of your food to eat and some of your clothing to wear. The sick must be nursed and the orphans must be cared for. If you do all these things, as Allah wishes, you will be rewarded. But if you refuse, warned, you will be punished very severely.”

The hardships he faced
Unfortunately, most Meccans just laughed at what he said. Some of them even threw stones at him. Their enmity grew and eventually the people of Mecca decided that Muhammad, his family, his relatives and his friends, should be driven out of the town. So they sent them to a valley in the mountains outside of Mecca, and nobody was allowed to visit them there or to bring them food. The Angel Gabriel appeared and explained to Muhammad that God wanted to help him. He should take his friends and family away from Mecca and take them to another town, called Medina as the people there were willing to listen to Allah’s words.

So, Muhammad and his followers decided to leave for Medina. Medina was completely different from Mecca. Here, Muhammad had more friends than enemies. In Medina, Muhammad continued to receive Allah’s messages from the Angel Gabriel. These messages were written down in a book, called the Quran.

For many years, in Medina, Muhammad and his followers had to defend themselves against the attacks of their enemies, and many times were forced to fight against them. After some time, the disbelievers began to understand that because of the Lord’s help Muhammad was much stronger than they were. So, at last, they said to themselves:” We must stop fighting, for nobody is stronger than the Lord. We cannot defeat Muhammad, because the Lord helps him. It is better for us to believe in the Lord and to worship Him.”

The long war ends
Muhammad and his followers were very happy that the long war had at last come to an end. They were able to return to Mecca where they had once been the first small group of people who believed in Allah.

Thus Muhammad preached the message of the Lord and helped his followers believe in Him and always strive to perform good deeds, take care of the poor and the needy and always pray to Him and worship Him. As we can see from this story the Lord also took care of Muhammad right from when he was a little boy as he was a well wisher to everybody and wanted to help everybody understand God and think about Him always.

 

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