3RD GRADE MATH PRACTICE TEST PDF



3rd Grade Math Practice Test Pdf

Dudrick Mr. 3rd Grade / Math Extra Practice Pages (HW). LEAP test include assessments cover a wide variety of subjects across different levels. For high-stakes assessments, sufficient LEAP practice is needed because if a child fails an exam, they will not be allowed to proceed to the next grade., Important information about the third grade math test No calculator. No exception! In fact, no calculator should be used at all to solve this third grade math test. Note: A score of 16 or more on this third grade math test is a good indication that most skills taught in third grade were mastered. Want a solution to this test? Add to your.

Grade 3 Math Test Worksheets Printable Worksheets

3rd Grade Math Practice Tests Varsity Tutors. Grade 3 Mathematics Released Test Spring 2014 Answer Key 5MC D 001 Number and Number Sense 6MC D 001 Number and Number Sense 7MC C 001 Number and Number Sense 8MC B 001 Number and Number Sense Grade 3 Mathematics Page 1. Test Sequence Number Item Type: Multiple Choice (MC) or Technology-Enhanced Item (TEI) Correct Answer Reporting Category Reporting Category Description 9 …, 3rd Grade Math STAAR : Practice Review Bundle: Each of the 4 units include a fun-filled activity, 12 Question Quiz, and 12 Question Re-take Quiz. This teacher-friendly resource gets the students actively engaged in a fun-filled review of the TEKS related to Place Value, Addition and Subtraction,.

Grade 3 Mathematics 7 Common Core Sample Questions Domain: Operations and Algebraic Thinking Item: MC A third grade class decided to sell boxes of cookies to help raise money for a school trip. Each box has two bags of cookies inside, and each bag holds 14 cookies. If each student needed to sell 4 boxes of cookies, how many cookies did 3rd-8th Practice Tests. Practice TCAP Science Grade 3. Comments (-1) Practice TCAP Science Grade 4 . Comments (-1) Practice TCAP Science Grade 5

Note that the Practice Test cannot be used to provide an ELPAC test score. The Practice Test can be used to familiarize students with the ELPAC test questions and tasks they will be asked to complete to . demonstrate their English language proficiency. 1 . On the Practice Tests, the same test questions may be included at multiple grades/grade for the open-ended question in grade 3. Appendix C provides the test specifications for grade 3. Appendix F provides the test specifications for grade 4. This document contains samples of Mathematics items from the New Jersey Assessment of Skills Appendix E provides the item-specific rubric for each open-ended question in grade 4.

3rd-8th Practice Tests. Practice TCAP Science Grade 3. Comments (-1) Practice TCAP Science Grade 4 . Comments (-1) Practice TCAP Science Grade 5 MCAS_2018_Gr3_MATH_PT. 2. Grade 3 Mathematics. SESSION 1. This session contains 5 questions. You may . not. use a calculator during this session. Go On Directions. Read each question carefully and then answer it as well as you can. You must record all answers in this Practice Test Booklet.

Smarter Balanced Grade 3 Mathematics Practice Test Scoring Guide 29 Key: Any fraction between 2/6 and 2/3; for example, 2/4, 3/5, 4/10, etc. Decimal equivalents for the fractions are also acceptable. Rubric: (1 point) The student enters an acceptable fraction or decimal. 3rd-8th Practice Tests. Practice TCAP Science Grade 3. Comments (-1) Practice TCAP Science Grade 4 . Comments (-1) Practice TCAP Science Grade 5

reproduce any portion of these released tests for non-commercial educational purposes without requesting permission. All others should direct their written requests to the Virginia Department of Education, Division of Student Assessment and School Improvement, at the above address or by e-mail to Student_Assessment@doe.virginia.gov. 3 Mathematics Directions Read each question and choose the diagnostic test. You may even skip those areas that you already know for sure your student has mastered. The test does not cover every single concept that is covered in the Math Mammoth Grade 3 Complete Curriculum, but all the major concepts and ideas are tested here. This test is evaluating the child's ability in the following content areas:

Released 2017 3-8 ELA and Mathematics State Test Questions On this page you will find links to access released questions used on the 2017 ELA/Literacy and Mathematics Grade 3-8 state tests. There are questions available in every grade (3-8) for both ELA and Mathematics. practice test activities. Teachers may use the overall class results to target areas of instruction needing further attention. Parents may find the sample test helpful in clarifying the types of questions their child will encounter on the multiple-choice test. Parents could also assist their child in preparing for the test by practicing at home

Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium

3rd grade math practice test pdf

Free LEAP Test Online Practice and Tips Edulastic. Directions: On the following pages are multiple-choice questions for the Grade 3 Practice Test, a practice opportunity for the Nebraska State Accountability–Mathematics (NeSA–M). Each question will ask you to select an answer from among four choices., This document contains a Practice Test that shows what each part, or session, of an actual grade 3 transitional math assessment is like. The Practice Test may be used at home or at school for students to become familiar with the iLEAP test they will take in spring 2013. It can help students feel more relaxed when they take the actual test..

3rd grade math practice test pdf

Grade 3 Math Test Worksheets Printable Worksheets

3rd grade math practice test pdf

Common Core Practice Test Questions (Prep for Common Core). Smarter Balanced Grade 3 Mathematics Practice Test Scoring Guide 29 Key: Any fraction between 2/6 and 2/3; for example, 2/4, 3/5, 4/10, etc. Decimal equivalents for the fractions are also acceptable. Rubric: (1 point) The student enters an acceptable fraction or decimal. 3rd Grade Math Practice Test consists of questions for FSA, which provides homework help to students, helps parents with homeschooling and Teachers with lesson plans...

3rd grade math practice test pdf

  • GRADE 3 MATHEMATICS doe.virginia.gov
  • End-of-the-Year Test Grade 3

  • 28/04/2017В В· If you feel your child could use additional 3rd grade STAAR math practice, reviewing the 3rd grade STAAR practice tests with your child can be extremely effective. STAAR Reading 3rd Grade. The STAAR Reading test for 3rd grade students includes a total of 34 multiple choice questions. Like STAAR Math, it is paper-pencil and has a four-hour time 3rd Grade Math STAAR : Practice Review Bundle: Each of the 4 units include a fun-filled activity, 12 Question Quiz, and 12 Question Re-take Quiz. This teacher-friendly resource gets the students actively engaged in a fun-filled review of the TEKS related to Place Value, Addition and Subtraction,

    3rd grade Math Practice Test Suzy Skelton Third Grade Mathematics 16 Test. 26. It is 71 miles from Boston, MA, to Concord, NH. It is 138 miles from Concord, NH, to Colebrook, NH. About how many miles is this altogether? A. 100 B. 200 C. 300 D. 400 Use the calendar below to answer question 27. 27. Which is the date of the fourth Monday of the month? A. December 8 B. December 15 C. December 22 D Grade 3 Mathematics Released Test Spring 2014 Answer Key 5MC D 001 Number and Number Sense 6MC D 001 Number and Number Sense 7MC C 001 Number and Number Sense 8MC B 001 Number and Number Sense Grade 3 Mathematics Page 1. Test Sequence Number Item Type: Multiple Choice (MC) or Technology-Enhanced Item (TEI) Correct Answer Reporting Category Reporting Category Description 9 …

    1 3rd Grade EOG Test Prep Materials For the complete Georgia Milestones Assessment Guide for this grade level, go to the GA DOE Website at gadoe.org and search for the EOG Assessment Guides – choose your grade level.Here’s the link: 3rd Grade Math Practice Test consists of questions for FSA, which provides homework help to students, helps parents with homeschooling and Teachers with lesson plans..

    Scott Hochberg "has molded himself into the ranking expert on public education in the Texas Legislature... while also serving his Sharpstown / Southwest Houston area district well in other areas such as controlling gang violence." Hochberg "has represented his district with … Grade 3 FSA Mathematics Practice Test Questions The purpose of these practice test materials is to orient teachers and students to the types of questions on paper-based FSA tests. By using these materials, students will become familiar with the types of items and response formats they may see on a paper-based test. The practice questions and

    Grade 4 Mathematics SESSION 2 This session contains 5 questions. You may not use a calculator during this session. Directions Read each question carefully and then answer it as well as you can. You must record all answers in your Practice Test Answer Document. For some questions, you will mark your answers by filling in the circles in your 3rd Grade Math Test Prep. Begin 3rd grade math test prep now with TestPrep-Online. We offer the 3rd Grade Math, to help your child prepare for his or her 3rd grade math test. Access study guides, math practice questions, and answers, bundled into mini-tests, …

    Create MST2 and MAP practice tests. Thousands of questions to choose from. Complimentary 14-day class trial. Auto-grading, personalized remediation, and performance tasks for grades 3-5. 3rd grade Math Practice Test Suzy Skelton Third Grade Mathematics 16 Test. 26. It is 71 miles from Boston, MA, to Concord, NH. It is 138 miles from Concord, NH, to Colebrook, NH. About how many miles is this altogether? A. 100 B. 200 C. 300 D. 400 Use the calendar below to answer question 27. 27. Which is the date of the fourth Monday of the month? A. December 8 B. December 15 C. December 22 D

    On the following pages are passages and multiple-choice questions for Grade 3 Reading Practice Test, a practice opportunity for the Nebraska State Accountability (NeSA). Each question will ask you to select an answer from among four choices. For all questions: † Read each passage. Then answer each question carefully by choosing the best answer. Common Core Test Study Guide with Practice Questions The federal government is not responsible for this initiative; it was developed at the state level by government leaders and education professionals who were concerned about the lack of national standards for the education of children.

    Free Printable 3rd Grade STAAR Practice Tests-Math and

    3rd grade math practice test pdf

    Free 3rd Grade Level 9 CogAT Sample Practice Test. Nebraska NWEA Support (855) 225-9926 Certica TestWiz Support (877) 456-8949, 3rd-8th Practice Tests. Practice TCAP Science Grade 3. Comments (-1) Practice TCAP Science Grade 4 . Comments (-1) Practice TCAP Science Grade 5.

    Free LEAP Test Online Practice and Tips Edulastic

    Grade 3 Mathematics Practice Test ESU13. Grade 4 Mathematics SESSION 2 This session contains 5 questions. You may not use a calculator during this session. Directions Read each question carefully and then answer it as well as you can. You must record all answers in your Practice Test Answer Document. For some questions, you will mark your answers by filling in the circles in your, Grade 3 Mathematics Released Test Spring 2014 Answer Key 5MC D 001 Number and Number Sense 6MC D 001 Number and Number Sense 7MC C 001 Number and Number Sense 8MC B 001 Number and Number Sense Grade 3 Mathematics Page 1. Test Sequence Number Item Type: Multiple Choice (MC) or Technology-Enhanced Item (TEI) Correct Answer Reporting Category Reporting Category Description 9 ….

    Common Core Test Study Guide with Practice Questions The federal government is not responsible for this initiative; it was developed at the state level by government leaders and education professionals who were concerned about the lack of national standards for the education of children. Welcome; Tribe Members; Research Sites for Kids; Homework; Spelling; Math. Math Fact Practice; Math: Extra Practice Pages (HW) Bar Modeling; Explain Everything

    On the following pages are passages and multiple-choice questions for Grade 3 Reading Practice Test, a practice opportunity for the Nebraska State Accountability (NeSA). Each question will ask you to select an answer from among four choices. For all questions: † Read each passage. Then answer each question carefully by choosing the best answer. 3rd Grade Math Practice Test consists of questions for FSA, which provides homework help to students, helps parents with homeschooling and Teachers with lesson plans..

    1 3rd Grade EOG Test Prep Materials For the complete Georgia Milestones Assessment Guide for this grade level, go to the GA DOE Website at gadoe.org and search for the EOG Assessment Guides – choose your grade level.Here’s the link: Prepdog.org 3rd grade navigation page for practice test in National Common Core Standards, RIT or MAP math, reading, language, and science.

    28/04/2017В В· If you feel your child could use additional 3rd grade STAAR math practice, reviewing the 3rd grade STAAR practice tests with your child can be extremely effective. STAAR Reading 3rd Grade. The STAAR Reading test for 3rd grade students includes a total of 34 multiple choice questions. Like STAAR Math, it is paper-pencil and has a four-hour time Grade 3 FSA Mathematics Practice Test Questions The purpose of these practice test materials is to orient teachers and students to the types of questions on paper-based FSA tests. By using these materials, students will become familiar with the types of items and response formats they may see on a paper-based test. The practice questions and

    Directions: On the following pages are multiple-choice questions for the Grade 3 Practice Test, a practice opportunity for the Nebraska State Accountability–Mathematics (NeSA–M). Each question will ask you to select an answer from among four choices. 3rd grade Math Practice Test Suzy Skelton Third Grade Mathematics 16 Test. 26. It is 71 miles from Boston, MA, to Concord, NH. It is 138 miles from Concord, NH, to Colebrook, NH. About how many miles is this altogether? A. 100 B. 200 C. 300 D. 400 Use the calendar below to answer question 27. 27. Which is the date of the fourth Monday of the month? A. December 8 B. December 15 C. December 22 D

    Click on the links below for each Envisions Topic Practice Pages, Practice Tests and Answer Key. Topic 1: Practice Pages. Topic 2: Practice Pages. Topic 3: Practice Pages. Topic 4: Practice Pages. Topic 5: Practice Pages. Topic 6: Practice Pages. Topic 7: Practice Pages. Topic 8: Practice Pages. Topic 9: Practice Pages. Topic 10: Practice Pages Directions: On the following pages of your test booklet are questions for the Grade 3 Practice Test, a practice opportunity for the Nebraska State Accountability–Mathematics (NeSA–M). Multiple choice questions will ask you to select an answer from among four

    practice test activities. Teachers may use the overall class results to target areas of instruction needing further attention. Parents may find the sample test helpful in clarifying the types of questions their child will encounter on the multiple-choice test. Parents could also assist their child in preparing for the test by practicing at home Directions: On the following pages are multiple-choice questions for the Grade 3 Practice Test, a practice opportunity for the Nebraska State Accountability–Mathematics (NeSA–M). Each question will ask you to select an answer from among four choices.

    Link to the pdf version of all TCAP Item Samplers & Practice Tests. Item Samplers - Set One - To be used with Promethean Board - .flipchart format Open ActivInspire and click on the link to open the file. Benchmark Test : Grade 3 Math В©1999-2011 Progress Testing Page 9 Benchmark: MA.3.A.4.1 The middle school cheerleading team formed a pyramid for their group yearbook photo. Their pyramid was 6 layers with 1 cheerleader on the top layer, 3 on the second layer, and 5 on the third layer. According to this pattern, how many

    Scott Hochberg "has molded himself into the ranking expert on public education in the Texas Legislature... while also serving his Sharpstown / Southwest Houston area district well in other areas such as controlling gang violence." Hochberg "has represented his district with … 3rd Grade Common Core Standard Math Assessment Practice Test PDF. This printable 3rd Grade Common Core Standard Math Assessment Practice Test. Online practice quiz and printable PDF …

    Prepdog.org 3rd grade navigation page for practice test in National Common Core Standards, RIT or MAP math, reading, language, and science. 3rd Grade Math STAAR : Practice Review Bundle: Each of the 4 units include a fun-filled activity, 12 Question Quiz, and 12 Question Re-take Quiz. This teacher-friendly resource gets the students actively engaged in a fun-filled review of the TEKS related to Place Value, Addition and Subtraction,

    Grade 3 Math Test. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Grade 3 Math Test. Some of the worksheets displayed are Grade 3 math practice test, End of the year test, Grade 3 mathematics practice test, Introduction, 2013 math framework grade 3, Grade 3 mathematics, Grade 3 mixed math problems and word problems work, 2018 texas staar test grade 3 math. 14 Success on Standardized Tests for the ITBS • Grade 3 Go On Practice ITBS Test Math Concepts and Math Estimation Part 1: Math Concepts Directions: This is a test of how well you understand the number system and the terms and operations

    28/04/2017В В· If you feel your child could use additional 3rd grade STAAR math practice, reviewing the 3rd grade STAAR practice tests with your child can be extremely effective. STAAR Reading 3rd Grade. The STAAR Reading test for 3rd grade students includes a total of 34 multiple choice questions. Like STAAR Math, it is paper-pencil and has a four-hour time Benchmark Test : Grade 3 Math В©1999-2011 Progress Testing Page 9 Benchmark: MA.3.A.4.1 The middle school cheerleading team formed a pyramid for their group yearbook photo. Their pyramid was 6 layers with 1 cheerleader on the top layer, 3 on the second layer, and 5 on the third layer. According to this pattern, how many

    STAAR Released Test Questions Texas Education Agency

    3rd grade math practice test pdf

    Released 2019 3-8 ELA and Mathematics State Test Questions. Benchmark Test : Grade 3 Math В©1999-2011 Progress Testing Page 9 Benchmark: MA.3.A.4.1 The middle school cheerleading team formed a pyramid for their group yearbook photo. Their pyramid was 6 layers with 1 cheerleader on the top layer, 3 on the second layer, and 5 on the third layer. According to this pattern, how many, Link to the pdf version of all TCAP Item Samplers & Practice Tests. Item Samplers - Set One - To be used with Promethean Board - .flipchart format Open ActivInspire and click on the link to open the file..

    Math Common Core Sample Questions Grade 3. On the following pages are passages and multiple-choice questions for Grade 3 Reading Practice Test, a practice opportunity for the Nebraska State Accountability (NeSA). Each question will ask you to select an answer from among four choices. For all questions: † Read each passage. Then answer each question carefully by choosing the best answer., Released 2017 3-8 ELA and Mathematics State Test Questions On this page you will find links to access released questions used on the 2017 ELA/Literacy and Mathematics Grade 3-8 state tests. There are questions available in every grade (3-8) for both ELA and Mathematics..

    MAP Practice Test 3rd 4th 5th Grade MAAP USATestprep

    3rd grade math practice test pdf

    File Library. Grade 4 Mathematics SESSION 2 This session contains 5 questions. You may not use a calculator during this session. Directions Read each question carefully and then answer it as well as you can. You must record all answers in your Practice Test Answer Document. For some questions, you will mark your answers by filling in the circles in your Important information about the third grade math test No calculator. No exception! In fact, no calculator should be used at all to solve this third grade math test. Note: A score of 16 or more on this third grade math test is a good indication that most skills taught in third grade were mastered. Want a solution to this test? Add to your.

    3rd grade math practice test pdf

  • End-of-the-Year Test Grade 3
  • 3rd Grade Common Core Math Practice Test Lumos Learning
  • Common Core Practice Test Questions (Prep for Common Core)

  • Create MST2 and MAP practice tests. Thousands of questions to choose from. Complimentary 14-day class trial. Auto-grading, personalized remediation, and performance tasks for grades 3-5. 3rd Grade Math Test Prep. Begin 3rd grade math test prep now with TestPrep-Online. We offer the 3rd Grade Math, to help your child prepare for his or her 3rd grade math test. Access study guides, math practice questions, and answers, bundled into mini-tests, …

    Note that the Practice Test cannot be used to provide an ELPAC test score. The Practice Test can be used to familiarize students with the ELPAC test questions and tasks they will be asked to complete to . demonstrate their English language proficiency. 1 . On the Practice Tests, the same test questions may be included at multiple grades/grade MCAS_2018_Gr3_MATH_PT. 2. Grade 3 Mathematics. SESSION 1. This session contains 5 questions. You may . not. use a calculator during this session. Go On Directions. Read each question carefully and then answer it as well as you can. You must record all answers in this Practice Test Booklet.

    Directions: On the following pages of your test booklet are questions for the Grade 3 Practice Test, a practice opportunity for the Nebraska State Accountability–Mathematics (NeSA–M). Multiple choice questions will ask you to select an answer from among four Released 2017 3-8 ELA and Mathematics State Test Questions On this page you will find links to access released questions used on the 2017 ELA/Literacy and Mathematics Grade 3-8 state tests. There are questions available in every grade (3-8) for both ELA and Mathematics.

    for the open-ended question in grade 3. Appendix C provides the test specifications for grade 3. Appendix F provides the test specifications for grade 4. This document contains samples of Mathematics items from the New Jersey Assessment of Skills Appendix E provides the item-specific rubric for each open-ended question in grade 4. Create MST2 and MAP practice tests. Thousands of questions to choose from. Complimentary 14-day class trial. Auto-grading, personalized remediation, and performance tasks for grades 3-5.

    MCAS_2018_Gr3_MATH_PT. 2. Grade 3 Mathematics. SESSION 1. This session contains 5 questions. You may . not. use a calculator during this session. Go On Directions. Read each question carefully and then answer it as well as you can. You must record all answers in this Practice Test Booklet. Take one of our many 3rd Grade Math practice tests for a run-through of commonly asked questions. You will receive incredibly detailed scoring results at the end of your 3rd Grade Math practice test to help you identify your strengths and weaknesses. Pick one of our 3rd Grade Math practice tests …

    Grade 3 FSA Mathematics Practice Test Questions The purpose of these practice test materials is to orient teachers and students to the types of questions on paper-based FSA tests. By using these materials, students will become familiar with the types of items and response formats they may see on a paper-based test. The practice questions and Grade 3 Mathematics Released Test Spring 2014 Answer Key 5MC D 001 Number and Number Sense 6MC D 001 Number and Number Sense 7MC C 001 Number and Number Sense 8MC B 001 Number and Number Sense Grade 3 Mathematics Page 1. Test Sequence Number Item Type: Multiple Choice (MC) or Technology-Enhanced Item (TEI) Correct Answer Reporting Category Reporting Category Description 9 …

    3rd grade Math Practice Test Suzy Skelton Third Grade Mathematics 16 Test. 26. It is 71 miles from Boston, MA, to Concord, NH. It is 138 miles from Concord, NH, to Colebrook, NH. About how many miles is this altogether? A. 100 B. 200 C. 300 D. 400 Use the calendar below to answer question 27. 27. Which is the date of the fourth Monday of the month? A. December 8 B. December 15 C. December 22 D 1 3rd Grade EOG Test Prep Materials For the complete Georgia Milestones Assessment Guide for this grade level, go to the GA DOE Website at gadoe.org and search for the EOG Assessment Guides – choose your grade level.Here’s the link:

    practice test activities. Teachers may use the overall class results to target areas of instruction needing further attention. Parents may find the sample test helpful in clarifying the types of questions their child will encounter on the multiple-choice test. Parents could also assist their child in preparing for the test by practicing at home 3rd Grade Math STAAR : Practice Review Bundle: Each of the 4 units include a fun-filled activity, 12 Question Quiz, and 12 Question Re-take Quiz. This teacher-friendly resource gets the students actively engaged in a fun-filled review of the TEKS related to Place Value, Addition and Subtraction,

    Third grade builds on the foundations laid down in earlier grades for analyzing shapes and working with whole numbers and fractions. As students learn new tools and calculation methods, it’s important for them to practice these skills regularly. Math Games offers high-quality learning and review opportunities in a format that all students Grade Test Forms Answer Keys Item Rationales Released test forms that were administered online are released as practice tests. These released practice tests are available through the STAAR Online Testing Platform. The online practice tests are not available for printing or scoring. If you would like to score your student’s online practice test, you should direct your student to record

    Scott Hochberg "has molded himself into the ranking expert on public education in the Texas Legislature... while also serving his Sharpstown / Southwest Houston area district well in other areas such as controlling gang violence." Hochberg "has represented his district with … 3rd-8th Practice Tests. Practice TCAP Science Grade 3. Comments (-1) Practice TCAP Science Grade 4 . Comments (-1) Practice TCAP Science Grade 5

    3rd Grade Common Core Standard Math Assessment Practice Test PDF. This printable 3rd Grade Common Core Standard Math Assessment Practice Test. Online practice quiz and printable PDF … This document contains a Practice Test that shows what each part, or session, of an actual grade 3 transitional math assessment is like. The Practice Test may be used at home or at school for students to become familiar with the iLEAP test they will take in spring 2013. It can help students feel more relaxed when they take the actual test.

    Directions: On the following pages of your test booklet are questions for the Grade 3 Practice Test, a practice opportunity for the Nebraska State Accountability–Mathematics (NeSA–M). Multiple choice questions will ask you to select an answer from among four Create MST2 and MAP practice tests. Thousands of questions to choose from. Complimentary 14-day class trial. Auto-grading, personalized remediation, and performance tasks for grades 3-5.

    3rd grade math practice test pdf

    Grade 3 FSA Mathematics Practice Test Questions The purpose of these practice test materials is to orient teachers and students to the types of questions on paper-based FSA tests. By using these materials, students will become familiar with the types of items and response formats they may see on a paper-based test. The practice questions and Benchmark Test : Grade 3 Math В©1999-2011 Progress Testing Page 9 Benchmark: MA.3.A.4.1 The middle school cheerleading team formed a pyramid for their group yearbook photo. Their pyramid was 6 layers with 1 cheerleader on the top layer, 3 on the second layer, and 5 on the third layer. According to this pattern, how many